M1038 Project: Winch Installation

A M1038 without a winch is essentially a M998. There was no winch on the 1038 when we started restoring it.

Jess Jaynes, owner of High Angle Driveshaft (formerly in Paradise, now in Chico) supplied us with a M1038A2 winch, which installed easily.

Unlike the M1038 and the A1 variant, this winch mounts on the frame and does not use frame extensions (as are visible in earlier pictures of the chassis). A main benefit is that the approach angle is not as reduced as with the extended frame, leaving the approach angle very close to that of the M998.


M1038A2 Mile Marker hydraulic winch installed.

The Rear Spring Clips, or “Why so expensive?”

Without a doubt, on a weight basis, these are the most expensive part of a HMMWV. The Parts Manual calls out for six spring tension clips 5340-01-209-7808 [5340012097808].

Figure 149 showing location of CLIP,SPRING TENSION REAR (“G”)

We were only able to source these clips from a single vendor, and they wanted over $10.00 each plus shipping. We sent RFQs out, and prices came back as high as $35.00 each. We then searched brake clip and fastener vendors to see if we could identify a cheaper source or a suitable substitute and were unable to locate any.

The only purpose these clamps serve are to attach the vent lines from the hubs and differential to the brake lines to keep the vent lines from becoming detached or torn off. We found a suitable (but not necessarily authentic) method of attaching the vent lines to the brake lines.

Although we would have preferred to use the proper clamps, the end result is virtually the same. Spending $60 to $210 for the proper clamps in these locations simply was uneconomical and would have made no sense. Should we locate a source for these clips or a more suitable substitute, we will update this section. Needless to say, these clips are not visible once the body is installed.

Keep in mind, however, cable ties are not totally incorrect for a HMMWV. There are several call-outs in the parts manual for use of cable ties (e.g., STRAP, TIEDOWN, ELECT 5975-00-074-2072 [5975000742072] — used to hold hoses together).

Vent Tubing: Hub, Differential, Transmission and Transfer Case

Our project vehicle had been stripped of most of the vent lines, and some it appears may never have been correctly installed.  (See: missing fitting and hose on front differential vent caused water infiltration).

Accordingly, we had to source and locate replacement or substitute hose and tubing for installation. All of the hoses and tubing are indicated in the parts manual as either P/N CPR104420-1 or P/N RB1450-1-4IDX1-20D. 

Upon visual inspection, CPR104420-1 was identifiable as air brake tubing used on semi-trucks. One of the brand names for this is an Eaton product called Synflex®.

Synflex® used to vent rear differential and hubs and transfer along frame. 

Upon further research, it was determined that CPR104420-1 is 1/4″ diameter tubing. (note this tubing is measured by O.D., not I.D.) Whereas CPR104420-2 is 3/8″ diameter. (CPR104420-2 is used as the main tube running parallel to the frame to vent the fuel tank).

We were able to identify RB1450-1-4IDX1-20D as being manufactured by Armstrong, and carries an NSN for bulk lengths as 4720-00-684-4033 [4720006844033].  This essentially is a durable 1/4″ I.D. hose, which has the appearance of 1/4″ fuel hose or similar.

There is a number of vendors that make a suitable replacement, although we noted the caveat of not using fuel line because it may not remain flexible enough over time for use on the front hubs. (they will constantly be flexing as the vehicle is steered).

It was suggested to us to consider use of silicone vacuum or vent hose.  Silicone hose was simply not readily available at the time of manufacture and design of the HMMWV. Vendors cautioned against using silicone hose for oil or fuel carrying. The primary reason for not using silicone for fuel is that it simply isn’t rated for pressurized fuel. We determined that 1/4″ silicone hose would be appropriate for venting purposes, and noting its widespread use in commercial and agricultural applications gave us a level of comfort of its reliability.

Front RH vent line from hub attached to tee fitting on frame. Note use of original style clamp 4730-00-954-1251 [4730009541251]

M1038 Project: Finishing up hubs

Always have extra seals when re-sealing hubs. Even though we had five (5) seals on hand, we ended up destroying two of them, and had to get additional seals.

In these pictures, the LH rear hub has been cleaned and ready for final reassembly.  Of note, all four corners had the very original 4-slot spindle nuts, and we replaced the locking rings and used 8-slot spindle nuts on reassembly.

Left hub, ready to put seal and spindle back in.

Left rear hub

M1038 Project: Engine Pan Drop

The engine oil pan was crushed during shipment, necessitating replacement. Whether that was the fault of the shipper or the seller, we don’t know. After finally locating a new replacement pan, the old one was removed. This engine does not look like it could have over 100 hours. Most likely, it appears that whatever HMMWV this powertrain came out of, it was likely a 6.2 that was upgraded to the 6.5NA and then sent for scrapping.

Internal view of 6.5NA showing virtually no wear or use.

Picture showing extremely clean, extremely low hour engine internals.

Update  (Dec. 15, 2018):  As we had to remove the timing cover to replace the water pump, we were afforded another view into the internals of the engine:

As visible, this is clearly a fresh engine. Not even the paint marks have discolored from oil and heat, and the Loctite 518 (or similar) had not been washed away.  There is a slight amount of rust visible at the top of the upper timing gear caused by ambient air entering through the oil fill, but this should be considered normal, especially on an engine obtained from a de-mil.

Back of Timing Gear cover shows no discoloration or evidence of any runtime on engine.